Progres.Online

How does the brain drain impact Turkmen society?

“Governments must reorient their policies from attempting to curtail migration to coping and working with it to seek benefits for all. The flows cannot be effectively constrained and must instead be creatively...

Where are Turkmens moving to?

From 1990-2017 over 1.6 million citizens of Turkmenistan decided to move and settle abroad. While majority moved in search of better opportunities, some were forced to relocate due to prosecution and fear. In 1990s...

Learning to Become Turkmen

Victoria Clement is a scholar, historian, and author who has traveled widely in Central Asia and has lived in Russia and Turkmenistan (2001-2003). Her book, Learning to Become Turkmen: Literacy, Language, and Power...